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Windows PowerShell cmdlets and their descriptions

You may know the cmdlets of the Windows PowerShell. However, it is not possible to remember all of those cmdlets. Most of the cmdlets are available on a default installation of Windows 7 with modules loaded. Moreover, the number of cmdlets can be a bit overwhelming. In this case, we have given here a quick reference of the cmdlets available in the Windows PowerShell 2.0 along with a short description.

















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































Add-BitsFile Adds one or more files to an existing Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS) transfer job.
Add-Computer Adds the local computer to a domain or workgroup.
Add-Content Adds content to the specified items, such as adding words to a file.
Add-History Appends entries to the session history.
Add-Member Adds a user-defined custom member to aninstance of a Windows PowerShell object.
Add-PSSnapin Adds one or more Windows PowerShell snap-ins to the current session.
Add-Type Adds a Microsoft .NET Framework type (a class) to a Windows PowerShell session (PSSession).
Checkpoint-Computer Creates a system restore point on the local computer.
Clear-Content Deletes the contents of an item, such as deleting the text from a file, but does not delete the item.
Clear-EventLog Deletes all entries from specified event logs on the local or remote computers.
Clear-History Deletes entries from the command history.
Clear-Item Deletes the contents of an item but does not delete the item.
Clear-ItemProperty Deletes the value of a property but does not delete the property.
Clear-Variable Deletes the value of a variable.
Compare-Object Compares two sets of objects.
Complete-BitsTransfer Completes a BITS transfer job.
Complete-Transaction Commits the active transaction.
Connect-WSMan Connects to the Windows Remote Management (WinRM) service on a remote computer.
ConvertFrom-CSV Converts object properties in comma-separated value (CSV) format into CSV versions of the original objects.
ConvertFrom-SecureString Converts a secure string into an encrypted standard string.
ConvertFrom-StringData Converts a string containing one or more key/value pairs to a hash table.
Convert-Path Converts a path from a Windows PowerShell path to a PowerShell provider path.
ConvertTo-CSV Converts .NET Framework objects into a series of CSV variable-length strings.
ConvertTo-Html Converts .NET Framework objects into HTML that can be displayed in a Web browser.
ConvertTo-SecureString Converts encrypted standard strings to secure strings. It can also convert plain text to secure strings. It is used with ConvertFrom-SecureString and Read-Host.
ConvertTo-XML Creates an XML-based representation of an object.
Copy-Item Copies an item from one location to another within a namespace.
Copy-ItemProperty Copies a property and value from a specified location to another location.
Debug-Process Debugs one or more processes running on the local computer.
Disable-ComputerRestore Disables the System Restore feature on the specified file system drive.
Disable-PSBreakpoint Disables breakpoints in the current console.
Disable-PSSessionConfiguration Denies access to the session configurations on the local computer.
Disable-WSManCredSSP Disables Credential Security Service Provider (CredSSP) authentication on a client computer.
Disconnect-WSMan Disconnects the client from the WinRM service on a remote computer.
Enable-ComputerRestore Enables the System Restore feature on the specified file system drive.
Enable-PSBreakpoint Enables breakpoints in the current console.
Enable-PSRemoting Configures the computer to receive remote commands.
Enable-PSSessionConfiguration Enables session configurations on the local computer.
Enable-WSManCredSSP Enables CredSSP authentication on a client computer.
Enter-PSSession Starts an interactive session with a remote computer.
Exit-PSSession Ends an interactive session with a remote computer.
Export-Alias Exports information about currently defined aliases to a file.
Export-Clixml Creates an XML-based representation of an object or objects and stores it in a file.
Export-Console Exports the names of snap-ins in the current session to a console file.
Export-Counter Takes PerformanceCounterSampleSet objects and exports them as counter log files.
Export-CSV Converts .NET Framework objects into a series of CSV variable-length strings and saves the strings in a CSV file.
Export-FormatData Saves formatting data from the current session in a formatting file.
Export-ModuleMember Specifies the module members that are exported.
Export-PSSession Imports commands from another session and saves them in a Windows PowerShell module.
ForEach-Object Performs an operation against each of a set of input objects.
Format-Custom Uses a customized view to format the output.
Format-List Formats the output as a list of properties in which each property appears on a new line.
Format-Table Formats the output as a table.
Format-Wide Formats objects as a wide table that displays only one property of each object.
Get-Acl Gets the security descriptor for a resource, such as a file or registry key.
Get-Alias Gets the aliases for the current session.
Get-AppLockerFileInformation Gets the AppLocker file information from a list of files or an event log.
Get-AppLockerPolicy Gets the local, effective, or domain AppLocker policy.
Get-AuthenticodeSignature Gets information about the Authenticode signature in a file.
Get-BitsTransfer Retrieves the associated BitsJob object for an existing BITS transfer job.
Get-ChildItem Gets the items and child items in one or more specified locations.
Get-Command Gets basic information about cmdlets and other elements of Windows PowerShell commands.
Get-ComputerRestorePoint Gets the restore points on the local computer.
Get-Content Gets the content of the item at the specified location.
Get-Counter Gets performance counter data from local and remote computers.
Get-Credential Gets a credential object based on a user name and password.
Get-Culture Gets the current culture set in the operating system.
Get-Date Gets the current date and time.
Get-Event Gets the events in the event queue.
Get-EventLog Gets the events in an event log, or a list of the event logs, on the local or remote computers.
Get-EventSubscriber Gets the event subscribers in the current session.
Get-ExecutionPolicy Gets the execution policies for the current session.
Get-FormatData Gets the formatting data in the current session.
Get-Help Displays information about Windows PowerShell commands and concepts.
Get-History Gets a list of the commands entered during the current session.
Get-Host Gets an object that represents the current host program. Also displays Windows PowerShell version and regional information by default.
Get-HotFix Gets the hotfixes that are applied to the local and remote computers.
Get-Item Gets the item at the specified location.
Get-ItemProperty Gets the properties of a specified item.
Get-Job Gets Windows PowerShell background jobs that are running in the current session.
Get-Location Gets information about the current working location.
Get-Member Gets the properties and methods of objects.
Get-Module Gets the modules that are imported or that can be imported into the current session.
Get-PfxCertificate Gets information about .pfx certificate files on the computer.
Get-Process Gets the processes that are running on the local computer or a remote computer.
Get-PSBreakpoint Gets the breakpoints that are set in the current session.
Get-PSCallStack Displays the current call stack.
Get-PSDrive Gets the Windows PowerShell drives in the current session.
Get-PSProvider Gets information about the specified Windows PowerShell provider.
Get-PSSession Gets the Windows PSSessions in the current session.
Get-PSSessionConfiguration Gets the registered session configurations on the computer.
Get-PSSnapin Gets the Windows PowerShell snap-ins on the computer.
Get-Random Gets a random number or selects objects randomly from a collection.
Get-Service Gets the services on a local or remote computer.
Get-TraceSource Gets the Windows PowerShell components that are instrumented for tracing.
Get-Transaction Gets the current (active) transaction.
Get-TroubleshootingPack Gets information about a troubleshooting pack and can generate an answer file.
Get-UICulture Gets the current user interface (UI) culture settings in the operating system.
Get-Unique Returns the unique items from a sorted list.
Get-Variable Gets the variables in the current console.
Get-WinEvent Gets events from event logs and event tracing log files on local and remote computers.
Get-WmiObject Gets instances of Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) classes or information about the available classes.
Get-WSManCredSSP Gets the CredSSP-related configuration for the client.
Get-WSManInstance Displays management information for a resource instance specified by a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI).
Group-Object Groups objects that contain the same value for specified properties.
Import-Alias Imports an alias list from a file.
Import-Clixml Imports a CLIXML file and creates corresponding objects within Windows PowerShell.
Import-Counter Imports performance counter log files (.blg, .csv, .tsv) and creates the objects that represent each counter sample in the log.
Import-CSV Converts object properties in a CSV file into CSV versions of the original objects.
Import-LocalizedData Imports language-specific data into scripts and functions based on the UI culture that is selected for the operating system.
Import-Module Adds modules to the current session.
Import-PSSession Imports commands from another session into the current session.
Invoke-Command Runs commands on local and remote computers.
Invoke-Expression Runs commands or expressions on the local computer.
Invoke-History Runs commands from the session history.
Invoke-Item Performs the default action on the specified item.
Invoke-TroubleshootingPack Executes a troubleshooting pack in interactive or unattended mode to fix a problem and then generates a results report.
Invoke-WmiMethod Calls WMI methods.
Invoke-WSManAction Invokes an action on the object that is specified by the Resource URI and by the selectors.
Join-Path Combines a path and a child path into a single path. The provider supplies the path delimiters.
Limit-EventLog Sets the event log properties that limit the size of the event log and the age of its entries.
Measure-Command Measures the time it takes to run script blocks and cmdlets.
Measure-Object Calculates the numeric properties of objects and the characters, words, and lines in string objects, such as files of text.
Move-Item Moves an item from one location to another.
Move-ItemProperty Moves a property from one location to another.
New-Alias Creates a new alias.
New-AppLockerPolicy Creates a new AppLocker policy from a list of file information and other rule creation options.
New-Event Creates a new event.
New-EventLog Creates a new event log and a new event source on a local or remote computer.
New-Item Creates a new item.
New-ItemProperty Creates a new property for an item and sets its value. For example, you can use New-ItemProperty to create and change registry values and data, which are properties of a registry key.
New-Module Creates a new dynamic module that exists only in memory.
New-ModuleManifest Creates a new module manifest.
New-Object Creates an instance of a Microsoft .NET Framework or Component Object Model (COM) object.
New-PSDrive Creates a Windows PowerShell drive in the current session.
New-PSSession Creates a persistent connection to a local or remote computer.
New-PSSessionOption Creates an object that contains advanced options for a PSSession.
New-Service Creates a new Windows service.
New-TimeSpan Creates a TimeSpan object.
New-Variable Creates a new variable.
New-WebServiceProxy Creates a Web service proxy object that lets you use and manage the Web service in Windows PowerShell.
New-WSManInstance Creates a new instance of a management resource.
New-WSManSessionOption Creates a WS-Management session option hash table to use as input parameters to the followingWS-Management cmdlets: Get-WSManInstance, Set-WSManInstance, Invoke-WSManAction, Connect-WSMan.
Out-Default Sends the output to the default formatter and to the default output cmdlet.
Out-File Sends output to a file.
Out-GridView Sends output to an interactive table in a separate window.
Out-Host Sends output to the command line.
Out-Null Deletes output instead of sending it to the console.
Out-Printer Sends output to a printer.
Out-String Sends objects to the host as a series of strings.
Pop-Location Changes the current location to the location most recently pushed onto the stack. You can pop the location from the default stack or from a stack that you create by using the Push-Location cmdlet.
Push-Location Adds the current location to the top of a list of locations (a stack).
Read-Host Reads a line of input from the console.
Receive-Job Gets the results of the Windows PowerShell background jobs in the current session.
Register-EngineEvent Subscribes to events that are generated by the Windows PowerShell engine and by the New-Event cmdlet.
Register-ObjectEvent Subscribes to the events that are generated by a Microsoft .NET Framework object.
Register-PSSessionConfiguration Creates and registers a new session configuration.
Register-WmiEvent Subscribes to a WMI event.
Remove-BitsTransfer Cancels a BITS transfer job.
Remove-Computer Removes the local computer from a workgroup or domain.
Remove-Event Deletes events from the event queue.
Remove-EventLog Deletes an event log or unregisters an event source.
Remove-Item Deletes the specified items.
Remove-ItemProperty Deletes the property and its value from an item.
Remove-Job Deletes a Windows PowerShell background job.
Remove-Module Removes modules from the current session.
Remove-PSBreakpoint Deletes breakpoints from the current console.
Remove-PSDrive Removes a Windows PowerShell drive from its location.
Remove-PSSession Closes one or more Windows PSSessions.
Remove-PSSnapin Removes Windows PowerShell snap-ins from the current session.
Remove-Variable Deletes a variable and its value.
Remove-WmiObject Deletes an instance of an existing WMI class.
Remove-WSManInstance Deletes a management resource instance.
Rename-Item Renames an item in a Windows PowerShell provider namespace.
Rename-ItemProperty Renames a property of an item.
Reset-ComputerMachinePassword Resets the machine account password for the computer.
Resolve-Path Resolves the wildcard characters in a path and displays the path contents.
Restart-Computer Restarts (reboots) the operating system on local and remote computers.
Restart-Service Stops and then starts one or more services.
Restore-Computer Starts a system restore on the local computer.
Resume-BitsTransfer Resumes a BITS transfer job.
Resume-Service Resumes one or more suspended (paused) services.
Select-Object Selects specified properties of an object or set of objects. It can also select unique objects from an array of objects, or it can select a specified number of objects from the beginning or end of an array of objects.
Select-String Finds text in strings and files.
Select-XML Finds text in an XML string or document.
Send-MailMessage Sends an e-mail message.
Set-Acl Changes the security descriptor of a specified resource, such as a file or registry key.
Set-Alias Creates or changes an alias (alternate name) for a cmdlet or other command element in the current Windows PSSession.
Set-AppLockerPolicy Sets the AppLocker policy for the specified Group Policy object (GPO).
Set-AuthenticodeSignature Adds an Authenticode signature to a Windows PowerShell script or other file.
Set-BitsTransfer Modifies the properties of an existing BITS transfer job.
Set-Content Writes or replaces the content in an item with new content.
Set-Date Changes the system time on the computer to a time that you specify.
Set-ExecutionPolicy Changes the user preference for the Windows PowerShell execution policy.
Set-Item Changes the value of an item to the value specified in the command.
Set-ItemProperty Creates or changes the value of a property of an item.
Set-Location Sets the current working location to a specified location.
Set-PSBreakpoint Sets a breakpoint on a line, command, or variable.
Set-PSDebug Turns script debugging features on and off, sets the trace level, and toggles StrictMode.
Set-PSSessionConfiguration Changes the properties of a registered session configuration.
Set-Service Starts, stops, and suspends a service and changes its properties.
Set-StrictMode Establishes and enforces coding rules in expressions, scripts, and script blocks.
Set-TraceSource Configures, starts, and stops a trace of Windows PowerShell components.
Set-Variable Sets the value of a variable. Creates the variable if one with the requested name does not exist.
Set-WmiInstance Creates or updates an instance of an existing WMI class.
Set-WSManInstance Modifies the management information that is related to a resource.
Set-WSManQuickConfig Configures the local computer for remote management.
Show-EventLog Displays the event logs of the local or a remote computer in Event Viewer.
Sort-Object Sorts objects by property values.
Split-Path Returns the specified part of a path.
Start-BitsTransfer Creates a new BITS transfer job.
Start-Job Starts a Windows PowerShell background job.
Start-Process Starts one or more processes on the local computer.
Start-Service Starts one or more stopped services.
Start-Sleep Suspends the activity in a script or session for the specified period of time.
Start-Transaction Starts a transaction.
Start-Transcript Creates a record of all or part of a Windows PSSession in a text file.
Stop-Computer Stops (shuts down) local and remote computers.
Stop-Job Stops a Windows PowerShell background job.
Stop-Process Stops one or more running processes.
Stop-Service Stops one or more running services.
Stop-Transcript Stops a transcript.
Suspend-BitsTransfer Suspends a BITS transfer job.
Suspend-Service Suspends (pauses) one or more running services.
Tee-Object Saves command output in a file or variable and displays it in the console.
Test-AppLockerPolicy Tests whether the input files are allowed to run for a given user based on the specified AppLocker policy.
Test-ComputerSecureChannel Tests and repairs the secure channel between the local computer and its domain.
Test-Connection Sends Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo request packets (pings) to one or more computers.
Test-ModuleManifest Verifies that a module manifest file accurately describes the contents of a module.
Test-Path Determines whether all elements of a path exist.
Test-WSMan Tests whether the WinRM service is running on a local or remote computer.
Trace-Command Configures and starts a trace of the specified expression or command.
Undo-Transaction Rolls back the active transaction.
Unregister-Event Cancels an event subscription.
Unregister-PSSessionConfiguration Deletes registered session configurations from the computer.
Update-FormatData Updates the formatting data in the current session.
Update-List Adds items to and removes items from a property value that contains a collection of objects.
Update-TypeData Updates the current extended type configuration by reloading the *.types.ps1xml files into memory.
Use-Transaction Adds the script block to the active transaction.
Wait-Event Waits until a particular event is raised before continuing to run.
Wait-Job Suppresses the command prompt until one or all of the Windows PowerShell background jobs running in the session are complete.
Wait-Process Waits for the processes to be stopped before accepting more input.
Where-Object Creates a filter that controls which objects will be passed along a command pipeline.
Write-Debug Writes a debug message to the console.
Write-Error Writes an object to the error stream.
Write-EventLog Writes an event to an event log.
Write-Host Writes customized output to a host.
Write-Output Sends the specified objects to the next command in the pipeline. If the command is the last command in the pipeline, the objects are displayed in the console.
Write-Progress Displays a progress bar within a Windows PowerShell command window.
Write-Verbose Writes text to the verbose message stream.
Write-Warning Writes a warning message.

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